## Wndsn Quadrant Telemeter Tutorials

*Making the most out of our graphical telemetry computers.*

Like with many complex instruments, there are multiple ways to solve certain problems and to measure the required inputs. Combining the various functions leads to a multitude of advanced uses.

## Determining Local Latitude

To determine latitude (in the Northern hemisphere), we are sighting Polaris. The pole star, or Polaris, is useful because its angle to the horizon does not change with longitude or time. Also, Polaris is almost in line with the Earth's axis and hence can be used to determine North. From latitude 0° on the equator, Polaris is exactly on the horizon, i.e. it has an angle of elevation, or altitude of 0°. Conversely, from the North pole, the angle of elevation, or altitude is 90. (In the Southern Hemisphere, we can use the two stars of the constellation Crux to determine latitude.) Note that a measurement precision of e.g. 0.5° translates to 30' of latitude, or 30 nautical miles.